Source code for pyvisa.resources.resource

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
    pyvisa.resources.resource
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    High level wrapper for a Resource.

    This file is part of PyVISA.

    :copyright: 2014 by PyVISA Authors, see AUTHORS for more details.
    :license: MIT, see LICENSE for more details.
"""
import contextlib
import copy
import math
import time

from .. import constants
from .. import errors
from .. import logger
from .. import highlevel
from .. import attributes
from .. import rname


class WaitResponse(object):
    """Class used in return of wait_on_event. It properly closes the context upon delete.
       A call with event_type of 0 (normally used when timed_out is True) will be
       recorded as None, otherwise it records the proper EventType enum.

    """
    def __init__(self, event_type, context, ret, visalib, timed_out=False):
        if event_type == 0:
            self.event_type = None
        else:
            self.event_type = constants.EventType(event_type)
        self.context = context
        self.ret = ret
        self._visalib = visalib
        self.timed_out = timed_out

    def __del__(self):
        if self.context != None:
            try:
                self._visalib.close(self.context)
            except errors.VisaIOError:
                pass


[docs]class Resource(object): """Base class for resources. Do not instantiate directly, use :meth:`pyvisa.highlevel.ResourceManager.open_resource`. :param resource_manager: A resource manager instance. :param resource_name: the VISA name for the resource (eg. "GPIB::10") """
[docs] @classmethod def register(cls, interface_type, resource_class): def _internal(python_class): highlevel.ResourceManager.register_resource_class(interface_type, resource_class, python_class) # If the class already has this attribute, # it means that a parent class was registered first. # We need to copy the current list and extended it. attrs = copy.copy(getattr(python_class, 'visa_attributes_classes', [])) for attr in attributes.AttributesPerResource[(interface_type, resource_class)]: attrs.append(attr) if not hasattr(python_class, attr.py_name) and attr.py_name != '': setattr(python_class, attr.py_name, attr()) for attr in attributes.AttributesPerResource[attributes.AllSessionTypes]: attrs.append(attr) if not hasattr(python_class, attr.py_name) and attr.py_name != '': setattr(python_class, attr.py_name, attr()) setattr(python_class, 'visa_attributes_classes', attrs) return python_class return _internal
def __init__(self, resource_manager, resource_name): self._resource_manager = resource_manager self.visalib = self._resource_manager.visalib # We store the resource name and use preferably the private attr over # the public descriptor internally because the public descriptor # requires a live instance the VISA library, which means it is much # slower but also can cause issue in error reporting when accessing the # repr try: # Attempt to normalize the resource name. Can fail for aliases self._resource_name = str(rname.ResourceName.from_string(resource_name)) except rname.InvalidResourceName: self._resource_name = resource_name self._logging_extra = {'library_path': self.visalib.library_path, 'resource_manager.session': self._resource_manager.session, 'resource_name': self._resource_name, 'session': None} #: Session handle. self._session = None @property def session(self): """Resource session handle. :raises: :class:`pyvisa.errors.InvalidSession` if session is closed. """ if self._session is None: raise errors.InvalidSession() return self._session @session.setter def session(self, value): self._session = value def __del__(self): if self._session is not None: self.close() def __str__(self): return "%s at %s" % (self.__class__.__name__, self._resource_name) def __repr__(self): return "<%r(%r)>" % (self.__class__.__name__, self._resource_name) def __enter__(self): return self def __exit__(self, *args): self.close() @property def last_status(self): """Last status code for this session. :rtype: :class:`pyvisa.constants.StatusCode` """ return self.visalib.get_last_status_in_session(self.session) def _cleanup_timeout(self, timeout): if timeout is None or math.isinf(timeout): timeout = constants.VI_TMO_INFINITE elif timeout < 1: timeout = constants.VI_TMO_IMMEDIATE elif not (1 <= timeout <= 4294967294): raise ValueError("timeout value is invalid") else: timeout = int(timeout) return timeout @property def timeout(self): """The timeout in milliseconds for all resource I/O operations. Special values: - **immediate** (``VI_TMO_IMMEDIATE``): 0 (for convenience, any value smaller than 1 is considered as 0) - **infinite** (``VI_TMO_INFINITE``): ``float('+inf')`` (for convenience, None is considered as ``float('+inf')``) To set an **infinite** timeout, you can also use: >>> del instrument.timeout """ timeout = self.get_visa_attribute(constants.VI_ATTR_TMO_VALUE) if timeout == constants.VI_TMO_INFINITE: return float('+inf') return timeout @timeout.setter def timeout(self, timeout): timeout = self._cleanup_timeout(timeout) self.set_visa_attribute(constants.VI_ATTR_TMO_VALUE, timeout) @timeout.deleter def timeout(self): self.set_visa_attribute(constants.VI_ATTR_TMO_VALUE, constants.VI_TMO_INFINITE) @property def resource_info(self): """Get the extended information of this resource. :param resource_name: Unique symbolic name of a resource. :rtype: :class:`pyvisa.highlevel.ResourceInfo` """ return self.visalib.parse_resource_extended(self._resource_manager.session, self._resource_name) @property def interface_type(self): """The interface type of the resource as a number. """ return self.visalib.parse_resource(self._resource_manager.session, self._resource_name)[0].interface_type
[docs] def ignore_warning(self, *warnings_constants): """Ignoring warnings context manager for the current resource. :param warnings_constants: constants identifying the warnings to ignore. """ return self.visalib.ignore_warning(self.session, *warnings_constants)
[docs] def open(self, access_mode=constants.AccessModes.no_lock, open_timeout=5000): """Opens a session to the specified resource. :param access_mode: Specifies the mode by which the resource is to be accessed. :type access_mode: :class:`pyvisa.constants.AccessModes` :param open_timeout: If the ``access_mode`` parameter requests a lock, then this parameter specifies the absolute time period (in milliseconds) that the resource waits to get unlocked before this operation returns an error. :type open_timeout: int """ logger.debug('%s - opening ...', self._resource_name, extra=self._logging_extra) with self._resource_manager.ignore_warning(constants.VI_SUCCESS_DEV_NPRESENT): self.session, status = self._resource_manager.open_bare_resource(self._resource_name, access_mode, open_timeout) if status == constants.VI_SUCCESS_DEV_NPRESENT: # The device was not ready when we opened the session. # Now it gets five seconds more to become ready. # Every 0.1 seconds we probe it with viClear. start_time = time.time() sleep_time = 0.1 try_time = 5 while time.time() - start_time < try_time: time.sleep(sleep_time) try: self.clear() break except errors.VisaIOError as error: if error.error_code != constants.VI_ERROR_NLISTENERS: raise self._logging_extra['session'] = self.session logger.debug('%s - is open with session %s', self._resource_name, self.session, extra=self._logging_extra)
[docs] def before_close(self): """Called just before closing an instrument. """ self.__switch_events_off()
[docs] def close(self): """Closes the VISA session and marks the handle as invalid. """ try: logger.debug('%s - closing', self._resource_name, extra=self._logging_extra) self.before_close() self.visalib.close(self.session) logger.debug('%s - is closed', self._resource_name, extra=self._logging_extra) self.session = None except errors.InvalidSession: pass
def __switch_events_off(self): self.disable_event(constants.VI_ALL_ENABLED_EVENTS, constants.VI_ALL_MECH) self.discard_events(constants.VI_ALL_ENABLED_EVENTS, constants.VI_ALL_MECH) self.visalib.uninstall_all_visa_handlers(self.session)
[docs] def get_visa_attribute(self, name): """Retrieves the state of an attribute in this resource. :param name: Resource attribute for which the state query is made (see Attributes.*) :return: The state of the queried attribute for a specified resource. :rtype: unicode (Py2) or str (Py3), list or other type """ return self.visalib.get_attribute(self.session, name)[0]
[docs] def set_visa_attribute(self, name, state): """Sets the state of an attribute. :param name: Attribute for which the state is to be modified. (Attributes.*) :param state: The state of the attribute to be set for the specified object. :return: return value of the library call. :rtype: :class:`pyvisa.constants.StatusCode` """ return self.visalib.set_attribute(self.session, name, state)
[docs] def clear(self): """Clears this resource """ self.visalib.clear(self.session)
[docs] def install_handler(self, event_type, handler, user_handle=None): """Installs handlers for event callbacks in this resource. :param event_type: Logical event identifier. :param handler: Interpreted as a valid reference to a handler to be installed by a client application. :param user_handle: A value specified by an application that can be used for identifying handlers uniquely for an event type. :returns: user handle (a ctypes object) """ return self.visalib.install_visa_handler(self.session, event_type, handler, user_handle)
[docs] def uninstall_handler(self, event_type, handler, user_handle=None): """Uninstalls handlers for events in this resource. :param event_type: Logical event identifier. :param handler: Interpreted as a valid reference to a handler to be uninstalled by a client application. :param user_handle: The user handle (ctypes object or None) returned by install_handler. """ self.visalib.uninstall_visa_handler(self.session, event_type, handler, user_handle)
[docs] def disable_event(self, event_type, mechanism): """Disables notification of the specified event type(s) via the specified mechanism(s). :param event_type: Logical event identifier. :param mechanism: Specifies event handling mechanisms to be disabled. (Constants.VI_QUEUE, .VI_HNDLR, .VI_SUSPEND_HNDLR, .VI_ALL_MECH) """ self.visalib.disable_event(self.session, event_type, mechanism)
[docs] def discard_events(self, event_type, mechanism): """Discards event occurrences for specified event types and mechanisms in this resource. :param event_type: Logical event identifier. :param mechanism: Specifies event handling mechanisms to be discarded. (Constants.VI_QUEUE, .VI_HNDLR, .VI_SUSPEND_HNDLR, .VI_ALL_MECH) """ self.visalib.discard_events(self.session, event_type, mechanism)
[docs] def enable_event(self, event_type, mechanism, context=None): """Enable event occurrences for specified event types and mechanisms in this resource. :param event_type: Logical event identifier. :param mechanism: Specifies event handling mechanisms to be enabled. (Constants.VI_QUEUE, .VI_HNDLR, .VI_SUSPEND_HNDLR) :param context: Not currently used, leave as None. """ self.visalib.enable_event(self.session, event_type, mechanism, context)
[docs] def wait_on_event(self, in_event_type, timeout, capture_timeout=False): """Waits for an occurrence of the specified event in this resource. :param in_event_type: Logical identifier of the event(s) to wait for. :param timeout: Absolute time period in time units that the resource shall wait for a specified event to occur before returning the time elapsed error. The time unit is in milliseconds. None means waiting forever if necessary. :param capture_timeout: When True will not produce a VisaIOError(VI_ERROR_TMO) but instead return a WaitResponse with timed_out=True :return: A WaitResponse object that contains event_type, context and ret value. """ try: event_type, context, ret = self.visalib.wait_on_event(self.session, in_event_type, timeout) except errors.VisaIOError as exc: if capture_timeout and exc.error_code == constants.StatusCode.error_timeout: return WaitResponse(in_event_type, None, exc.error_code, self.visalib, timed_out=True) raise return WaitResponse(event_type, context, ret, self.visalib)
[docs] def lock(self, timeout='default', requested_key=None): """Establish a shared lock to the resource. :param timeout: Absolute time period (in milliseconds) that a resource waits to get unlocked by the locking session before returning an error. (Defaults to self.timeout) :param requested_key: Access key used by another session with which you want your session to share a lock or None to generate a new shared access key. :returns: A new shared access key if requested_key is None, otherwise, same value as the requested_key """ timeout = self.timeout if timeout == 'default' else timeout timeout = self._cleanup_timeout(timeout) return self.visalib.lock(self.session, constants.AccessModes.shared_lock, timeout, requested_key)[0]
[docs] def lock_excl(self, timeout='default'): """Establish an exclusive lock to the resource. :param timeout: Absolute time period (in milliseconds) that a resource waits to get unlocked by the locking session before returning an error. (Defaults to self.timeout) """ timeout = self.timeout if timeout == 'default' else timeout timeout = self._cleanup_timeout(timeout) self.visalib.lock(self.session, constants.AccessModes.exclusive_lock, timeout, None)
[docs] def unlock(self): """Relinquishes a lock for the specified resource. """ self.visalib.unlock(self.session)
[docs] @contextlib.contextmanager def lock_context(self, timeout='default', requested_key='exclusive'): """A context that locks :param timeout: Absolute time period (in milliseconds) that a resource waits to get unlocked by the locking session before returning an error. (Defaults to self.timeout) :param requested_key: When using default of 'exclusive' the lock is an exclusive lock. Otherwise it is the access key for the shared lock or None to generate a new shared access key. The returned context is the access_key if applicable. """ if requested_key == 'exclusive': self.lock_excl(timeout) access_key = None else: access_key = self.lock(timeout, requested_key) try: yield access_key finally: self.unlock()
Resource.register(constants.InterfaceType.unknown, '')(Resource)